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Denmark - Land of the Giants

Location of  Denmark[b]  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Denmark is a Scandinavian nation in Northern Europe. The nation of Denmark, as one unit with Greenland and the Faroe Islands, includes the Kingdom of Denmark (Danish: Kongeriget Danmark; Faroese: Kongsríki Danmarkar; (Kalaallisut: Kunngeqarfik Danmarki; German: Königreich Dänemark). It is the southernmost of the Nordic nations, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and outskirted to the south by Germany. Denmark fringes both the Baltic and the North Sea. The nation comprises of a hefty promontory, Jutland (Jylland) and numerous islands, most prominently Zealand (Sjælland), Funen (Fyn), Vendsyssel-Thy (usually recognized a part of Jutland), Lolland, Falster and Bornholm, and in addition countless minor islands frequently pointed to as the Danish Archipelago. Denmark has as far back as anyone can remember regulated the methodology to the Baltic Sea (dominium maris baltici); when the burrowing of the Kiel Canal, water section to the Baltic Sea was plausible just through the three channels regarded as the "Danish straits".

Denmark is an established government with a parliamentary arrangement of legislature. Denmark has a state-level administration and neighborhood legislatures in 98 districts. Denmark has been a part of the European Union since 1973, admitting that it has not joined the Eurozone. Denmark is an establishing part of NATO and the OECD. Denmark is moreover a part of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).

Denmark, with an intermingled business sector entrepeneur economy and a substantial welfare state,ranks as having the planet's most abnormal amount of livelihood equality.Denmark has as often as possible stacked up as the happiest and slightest degenerate nation in the planet. The national dialect, Danish, is nearly identified with Swedish and Norwegian, with which it offers solid customary and recorded ties. 


Denmark offers an outskirt of 68 kilometres with Germany to the south and is elsewise encompassed by 7,314 kilometres of tidal shoreline (incorporating modest narrows and channels). It possesses 43,094 square kilometres. Since 2000 Denmark has been associated by the Øresund Bridge to southern Sweden.

Denmark's northernmost focus is Skagens focus (the north vacation spot of the Skaw) at 57° 45' 7" northern scope; the southernmost is Gedser focus (the southern tip of Falster) at 54° 33' 35" northern scope; the westernmost focus is Blåvandshuk at 8° 4' 22" eastern longitude; and the easternmost focus is Østerskær at 15° 11' 55" eastern longitude. This is in the archipelago Ertholmene 18 kilometres northeast of Bornholm. The separation from east to west is 452 kilometres (281 mi), from north to south 368 kilometres (229 mi).

Denmark comprises of the promontory of Jutland (Jylland) and 443 named islands (1,419 islands above 100 m² in aggregate). Of the aforementioned, 72 are occupied, with the greatest being Zealand (Sjælland) and Funen (Fyn). The island of Bornholm is spotted east of whatever is left of the nation, in the Baltic Sea. A hefty portion of the greater islands are associated by extensions; the Øresund Bridge interfaces Zealand with Sweden; the Great Belt Bridge unites Funen with Zealand; and the Little Belt Bridge unites Jutland with Funen. Ships or modest airplane interface with the more modest islands. Essential urban communities are the capital Copenhagen on Zealand; Århus, Aalborg and Esbjerg in Jutland; and Odense on Funen.

The nation is level with small height; having a normal stature above ocean level of 31 metres (102 ft). The most noteworthy common focus is Møllehøj, at 170.86 metres (560.56 ft). Different rises in the same region southwest of Århus are Yding Skovhøj at 170.77 metres (560.27 ft) and Ejer Bavnehøj at 170.35 metres (558.89 ft).The region of inland water is: (eastern Denmark) 210 km2 (81 sq mi); (western D.) 490 km2 (189 sq mi).

Denmark's tidal shoreline is 7,314 km (4,545 mi). No area in Denmark is further from the coast than 52 km (32 mi). The extent of the area range of Denmark can't be stated precisely since the sea always disintegrates and adds material to the coastline, and in light of human area recovery ventures (to counter disintegration). On the southwest shoreline of Jutland, the tide is between 1 and 2 m (3.28 and 6.56 ft), and the tideline moves outward and internal on a 10 km (6.2 mi) stretch.

Phytogeographically, Denmark (incorporating Greenland and the Faroe Islands) fits in with the Boreal Kingdom and is imparted between the Arctic, Atlantic European and Central European areas of the Circumboreal Region. As per the World Wide Fund for Nature, the domain of Denmark might be subdivided into two ecoregions: the Atlantic jumbled woods and Baltic jumbled woodlands. The Faroe Islands are secured by the Faroe Islands boreal prairies, while Greenland hosts the ecoregions of Kalaallit Nunaat towering ice tundra and Kalaallit Nunaat flat cold tundra. 


The atmosphere is in the temperate zone. The winters are not absolutely icy, with mean temperatures in January and February of 0.0 °C, and the summers are cool, with a mean temperature in August of 15.7 °C.Denmark has a normal of 121 days for every year with precipitation, on normal gaining what added up to 712 mm for every year; harvest time is the wettest time of year and spring the driest.

Due to Denmark's northern area, the length of the day with daylight changes enormously. There are short days throughout the winter with first light advancing around 9:00 am and nightfall 4:30 pm, and additionally long summer days with day break at 4:00 am and dusk at 10 pm The briefest and longest days of the year have generally been partied about. The festival for the most brief day relates harshly with Christmas (Danish: jul), and up to date festivals center in on Christmas Eve, 24 December. The festival for the longest day is Midsummer Day, which is known in Denmark as sankthansaften (St. John's evening).Celebrations of Midsummer have happened since prechristian times 


Denmark has verifiably taken a dynamic stance on ecological conservation; in 1971 Denmark built a Ministry of Environment and was the first nation in the planet to execute an earthy law in 1973.

To relieve ecological corruption and a dangerous atmospheric devation the Danish Government has marked the accompanying universal assentions: Antarctic Treaty; Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol; Endangered Species ActThese assentions have assisted in the lessening in CO2 outflows by Denmark.

Denmark was stacked up as the 10th best nation in the planet for "Living Green" by a 2007 Readers Digest review, and Copenhagen is recognised as a standout amongst the most earth inviting urban communities in the world.Much of the city's victory might be traced to a solid civil approach consolidated with a sound national arrangement; in 2006 Copenhagen Municipality appropriated the European Environmental Management Award.The recompense was given for lifelong comprehensive earthy arranging. As of late a number of Denmarks more diminutive Municipalities for example Lolland and Bornholm have moreover gotten natural pioneers. Denmark is home to five of the planet's ten greatest centermost sun based warming plants (CSHP). The planet's greatest CSHP is arranged in the modest neighborhood of Marstal on the island of Ærø.

Copenhagen is the lead of the shining green natural development in Denmark. In 2008, Copenhagen was specified by Clean Edge as one of the crux cleantech bunches to watch in the book The Cleantech Revolution. The city is the focal focus for more than a large part of Denmark's 700 cleantech associations and draws on in the ballpark of 46 examination establishments. The group utilizes more than 60,000 individuals and is characterised by an end team effort between colleges, business and representing establishments. The capital's for the most part paramount cleantech research organizations are the University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen Business School, Risø DTU National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy and the Technical University of Denmark which Risø is currently part of. Hinting at the 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference the University of Copenhagen held the Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges and Decisions meeting where the requirement for inclusive movement to moderate atmosphere change was pushed by the global logical neighborhood. Outstanding figures for example Rajendra K. Pachauri, Chairman of the IPCC, Professor Nicholas Stern, creator of the Stern Report and Professor Daniel Kammen all emphasised the great illustration set by Copenhagen and Denmark in capitalising on cleantech and realizing monetary development while stabilising carbon emanations.

Denmark's green house gas emanations for every dollar of quality processed has been for the most part precarious since 1990, seeing sudden developments and falls. For the most part however, there has been a diminishment in gas discharges for every dollar quality added to its business. It is tantamount to nations for example Germany yet falling behind other Scandinavian nations for example Norway and Sweden. 


As per figures from Statistics Denmark, in 2009, 90.5% of Denmark's inhabitants present of over 5.4 million was of Danish plummet. Large portions of the remaining 9.5% were settlers, or relatives of later foreigners, from Bosnia and Herzegovina, neighbouring nations, South Asia and Western Asia, numerous having landed since an "Alien law" (Udlændingeloven) was established in 1983 permitting the migration of relatives of the aforementioned who had as of recently arrived. There are moreover modest aggregations of Inuit from Greenland and Faroese. There is racial tension between a national partner to the cruiser posse, the Hells Angels, AK81, and neighborhood settlers, over the illicit, lucrative hashish barter. Throughout later years, against-mass migration supposition has brought about a portion of the hardest migration laws in the European Union. By the by, the amount of living arrangement allows conceded identified with labour and to individuals from inside the EU/EEA has expanded since usage of new movement laws in 2001. On the other hand, the amount of workers permitted into Denmark for family reunification diminished 70% between 2001 and 2006 to 4,198. Throughout the same period the amount of refuge grants conceded has diminished by 82.5% to 1,095, reflecting a 84% lessening in refuge seekers to 1,960.

Denmark's inhabitants present is 5,475,791, giving Denmark a citizenry thickness of 129.16 occupants for every km3 (334.53 inh/sq mi). As in most nations, the residents is not appropriated uniformly. In spite of the fact that the area territory east of the Great Belt just makes up 9,622 km² (3,715 sq mi), 22.7% of Denmark's territory zone, it has 45% (2,465,348) of the inhabitants present. The normal citizenry thickness of this range is 256.2 occupants for every km² (663.6 for every sq mi). The normal thickness in the west of the nation (32,772 km²/12,653 sq mi) is 91.86/km² (237.91 for every sq mi) (3,010,443 individuals) (2008).

The average age is 39.8 years with 0.98 guys for every female. 98.2% of the inhabitant total is proficient (age 15 and up). The life commencement rate is 1.74 kids born for every lady (2006 est.), which can be reflected in a drop in the proportion of laborers to retired people. Notwithstanding the level life commencement rate, the people is still developing at a normal twelve-month rate of 0.33%. Worldwide studies indicate that the inhabitant total of Denmark is the happiest of any nation in the planet.

Danish is the official dialect and is vocalized all through the nation. English and German are the most substantially talked strange dialects.


As per official statistics from January 2010, 80.9% of the residents of Denmark are parts of the Danish National Church (Den Danske Folkekirke), a Lutheran mass that was made the official state religion by the Constitution of Denmark. This is down 0.6% contrasted with the year prior and 1.2% down contrasted with two years previous. Article 6 of the Constitution states that the Royal Family should have a place with this Church, however whatever is left of the people is unhindered to stick to different belief systems. About 15% of the Danes don't have a place with any category.

Denmark's Muslims make up less than 4% of the citizenry and is the nation's second greatest religious group. According to an outline of different religions and sections by the Danish Foreign Ministry, different assemblies include less than 1% of the inhabitant total independently and pretty nearly 2% when taken all as one.

As per the latest Eurobarometer Poll 2005, 31% of Danish nationals reacted that "they accept there is a God", although 49% addressed that "they accept there is some sort of spirit or existence energy" and 19% that "they don't accept there is any sort of spirit, God or essence power". As per a 2005 study by Zuckerman, Denmark has the third most elevated size of irreligionists and freethinkers in the planet, evaluated to be between 43% and 80%.

For more than a hundred years after the Reformation, Lutheranism was the main lawful religion in Denmark, however in 1682 the state recognised three different religions: Roman Catholicism, the Reformed Church and Judaism. Until the later migration of Muslims, the aforementioned three were essentially the main non-Lutheran religions polished in Denmark. As of 2005, 19 Muslim groups have been formally recognised. Forn Siðr (English: Old Custom), dependent upon the much more senior, local agnostic religion, progressed official distinguishment in November 2003.

Religious public orders and holy place don't have to be state-recognised in Denmark and could be allowed the right to perform weddings and different functions without this distinguishment.  


The Danish instruction framework furnishes access to grade school, optional school and most sorts of higher instruction. Participation at "Folkeskole" or equal instruction is mandatory for at least 9 years. Proportionate instruction might be in private schools or classes went to at home. About 99% of people revisit elementary school, 86% go to auxiliary school, and 41% follow further instruction. All school instruction in Denmark is unhindered; there are no tuition expenses to select in courses. Learners in optional school or higher may requisition learner backing which furnishes settled budgetary underpin, dispensed monthly.

Elementary school in Denmark is called "cave Danske Folkeskole" ("Danish Public School"). It runs from the starting "kindergarten class"/0'th grade ("børnehaveklasse"/ "0. Klasse") to 10th review, however 10th review is noncompulsory. Students can on the other hand revisit "unhindered schools" ("Friskole"), or private schools ("Privatskole"), i.e. schools that are not under the organization of the districts, for example Christian schools or Waldorf schools. The Programme for International Student Assessment, composed by the OECD, stacked up Denmark's training as the 24th best in the planet in 2006, being not essentially higher or lower than the OECD normal.

Accompanying graduation from Folkeskolen, there are numerous other instructive chances, incorporating Gymnasium (scholastically situated upper auxiliary training), Higher Preparatory Examination (HF) (comparable to Gymnasium, yet one year shorter), Higher Technical Examination Programme (HTX) (with keep tabs on science and building), and Higher Commercial Examination Programme (HHX) (with a keep tabs on exchange and business), and in addition vocational training, preparing green individuals for work in particular exchanges by a mix of instructing and apprenticeship.

Gym (STX), HF, HTX and HHX point at qualifying students for higher instruction in schools and schools. Denmark moreover instructs the IB Diploma.

Denmark has a few colleges; the greatest and most senior are the University of Copenhagen (organized 1479) and Aarhus University (organized 1928). Notwithstanding an unobtrusive 5,5 million tenants, Denmark has encouraged numerous Nobel Prize victors.

Danish colleges and other higher training foundations likewise offer global understudies an extent of chances for getting a globally recognised qualification in Denmark. Numerous programmes are showed completely in English and scholars can pick between a few sorts of programmes, for example degree programmes, trade programmes, PhDs and summer schools.

Folkehøjskolerne, ("Folk secondary schools") presented by legislator, minister and writer N.F.S. Grundtvig in the 19th century, are social, casual instruction structures without tests or reviews however with an attention on collective studying, self-disclosure, edification and studying how to improve your particular feelings through open face off regarding. Grundtvig served to advance a comprehending of the connection between single and public order, and he has had a critical impact on the pedantic plans underlying Danish instruction.  

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